In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions. Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts when the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions. A case study research methodology relies on multiple sources of evidence to add breadth and depth to data collection, to assist in bringing a richness of data together in an apex of understanding through triangulation, and to contribute to the validity of the research (yin, 2003) the unique strength of this approach is this ability to combine . The case study method, with its use of multiple data collection methods and analysis techniques, provides researchers with opportunities to triangulate data in order to strengthen the research findings and conclusions.
Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the fourth edition of robert k yin’s bestselling text case study research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. The case study method, and in particular the multiple–case studies design, offers lis researchers a proven tool for achieving a deep understanding of a specific phenomenon—-for example, the information-seeking behavior of a particular user group. Methods/design this study is a mixed methods multiple case study of seven children’s social service organizations in one midwestern city in the united states that compose the control group of a larger randomized controlled trial. Multiple case study approach is the adequate research strategy “when how and why questions are being posed, when the investigator has little control over events, and when the focus is on a contemporary phenomenon within some.
We felt case study research was important to define because it is a common approach in healthcare research in part, this may be because the units of interest in healthcare research (patient, practice, health system) can often be easily bounded and seen by the researcher as a case. Methods in case study analysis by linda t kohn, phd case study method therefore, choosing cases can bring multiple perspectives and will have the. A case study can be quantitative and / or qualitative study depending whether it is a single case or multiple cases etc according to yin (2009), case studies can be a preferred method when why . The value of the case study robert yin tried to define a case study, as part of his defense of the method, as an attempt to examine: upon review of multiple . The case study method in research demands a high degree of depth, breadth and rigour, with careful attention in explanatory multiple case studies, berg-schlosser .
The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings the value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research based on our experiences of . The case study has been especially used in social science, psychology, anthropology and ecology this method of study is especially useful for trying to test theoretical models by using them in real world situations. Case study is often defined in different ways, reflecting evolving practice what is important then is to define the concept for yourself, and explain to your audience how you are using the term some definitions a research approach in which one or few instances of a phenomenon are studied in depth .
Advantages of the multiple case series approach to the study of cognitive deficits in autism spectrum disorder advantages of the multiple case study design for . Multiple case study the c ase study is a research method that focuses on understanding the dynamics of single settings although it can be used for description . Case study research definition and background selects multiple case studies to illustrate the issue researchers determine if a case study approach is .
All these types of case study methods are useful in single or multiple case applications (ghauri and gronhaug, 2005) the aforementioned highlights the interest of the case study research for a qualitative approach. In the view of yin, ââ‚¬å“the case study represents an empirical research that investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context, and includes a method comprehensive, with the logic of planning, gathering and data analysisââ‚¬ can include both single case studies as multiple, as well as quantitative approaches . Multiple case study early childhood program illustrate the author's approach, and helpful reproducible worksheets facilitate multicase recording and analysis .
Embedded within yin's (2014) case study design are the hallmarks of a postpositivist approach to research: seeking rival explanations and falsifying hypotheses, the capability for replication with a multiple case study design, the pursuit of generalizations (if required), minimizing levels of subjectivity, and the use of multiple methods of . Case studies include both single and multiple-case studies some case study research goes beyond being a type of qualitative research, by using a mix of quantitative . Case studies definition • an intensive description and analysis of a single individual or (sometimes) group advantages 1 good source of ideas about behavior.